It's often said that dogs don't live long enough. As veterinary medicine advances and pet lover's awareness grows, longer and healthier life spans are possible.
The average pet lifespan varies greatly between dog breeds. A recent survey of more than 1,000 people by PetAg, Inc. that showed one-third of American pet owners don’t know when their dog will become a senior. With 71 million pet-owning households in the U.S. alone, this "one-third" statistic translates to millions of households that do not know how to prepare for and provide the best care during their pet's senior years.
Knowing when a dog is a senior will help people make appropriate changes in diet, exercise, and health examination schedules to ensure a long, healthy life.
As a general rule of thumb, dogs are considered seniors around age seven. Larger dogs sooner (age five or six), and smaller dogs later (age eight or nine). Dogs have such a large variety of breeds and sizes that there isn't a single age that automatically translates to senior status.
The most accurate way to plan for your dog's senior years is to make an appointment with your veterinarian to discuss your pet's specific needs and age-related plan for optimal health.
Myths and Facts
Here are some age-related myths from the Aging Pet Care Awareness Survey:
MYTH: Dogs and their owners age differently.
FACT: While the rate at which pets age is certainly different than humans, the changes seen with advancing age are very similar: changes in weight (gain or loss), dental problems, arthritic joints, and heart troubles, to name a few. "Many of the same health and wellness strategies may be implemented in pets to increase longevity," notes Dr. Kelly Swanson, an assistant professor at the University of Illinois who teamed with PetAg to design the survey. A wellness/geriatric examination with your veterinarian is the perfect time to discuss an appropriate senior diet, supplements or medications to ease the pain of arthritis, and schedule a dental cleaning to keep teeth, gums, heart, and liver healthy.
MYTH: As long as my dog isn't overweight, it isn't a major health concern.
FACT: While obesity is a huge health concern and one that actually "ages" dogs faster, sudden weight loss or being chronically underweight is also a serious health concern. Diseases such as cancer, kidney failure, and Diabetes Mellitus can cause weight loss along with other symptoms, and must be addressed for optimum health.<br/>At the other end of the bodyweight spectrum, two of the age-related symptoms most concerning to survey participants—aching joints (55.7 percent) and lack of energy (36 percent), are common symptoms of obesity that can be managed with proper diet and exercise.
MYTH: Exercise and engaging toys are the best ways to prevent cognitive decline.
FACT: Cognitive decline, or geriatric dementia, is something that is most often associated with human seniors, but pets are prone to age-related dementia, too.
Dementia in pets may manifest in different ways, most commonly: inappropriate vocalization (barking or meowing in the middle of the night), loss of house training (urinary accidents), getting "lost" in a corner or part of the house, and not interacting with family members as before.
The general confusion from dementia along with the above behavior changes may cause additional stress/fear/anxiety for the pet as well as for the human family members.
From the study: "Maintaining proper levels of exercise can help maintain cognitive function, but Dr. Swanson explained that there is more evidence supporting dietary intervention, including the use of nutritional supplements. He suggests looking for products that include antioxidants (i.e., vitamins E, C, and beta carotene) or those with omega-3 fatty acids." Please check with your veterinarian to see what product(s) or medications may be able to help your senior pet.
- Veterinary Q & A: Caring for Geriatric Dogs
- My Senior Dog Is Drinking Lots of Water. Is It Just Old Age?
- Why (and What) Is My Senior Dog "Leaking"?
Senior Pets. American Veterinary Medical Association, 2020