If you are searching for the right dog to protect you, your family, or your property, some dogs are born with instincts to act as guard dogs. Protective dogs usually have a strong sense of loyalty to you and your family, are highly alert and observant, and act obediently. An ideal guard dog is typically large, fearless, and responsive to training. If you are considering getting a guard dog, take a look at 10 dog breeds that generally serve well as companions and protectors.
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Akitas are one of the most loyal dogs. Bred for guarding royalty and nobility in feudal Japan, this courageous and alert dog breed is naturally suspicious toward strangers. Akitas will keep watch over you and your family at all times. Akitas takes this task seriously and will typically perform its guarding duty with little to no training. This dog will require obedience training, or you can consider guard dog training to sharpen its skills. As with all dogs, it will require proper socialization to help prevent unnecessary standoffishness or aggression.
Height: 24 to 28 inches
Weight: 70 to 130 pounds
Physical Characteristics: Triangular head; curled tail; thick double coat; colors include black, fawn, red, and more
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Intense and athletic, the Belgian malinois is a favorite breed of police and military K-9 units for its agility, search and rescue abilities, and trainability. This dog has a high energy level, so this breed appreciates a job to perform. This dog must get specialized training and proper socialization so it can be at ease in new or unfamiliar situations. Plenty of exercise every day is also essential.
Height: 22 to 26 inches
Weight: 40 to 80 pounds
Physical Characteristics: Muscular body; short double coat; colors include fawn, mahogany, and red with a black mask
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The loyal and brave bullmastiff was initially developed by gamekeepers to protect their game from poachers. The bullish looks of this large breed can be intimidating to intruders. In actuality, this dog is naturally affectionate towards its family, making it an excellent companion. The bullmastiff is a natural protector that needs structured training to reinforce its natural guarding instincts.
Height: 24 to 27 inches
Weight: 100 to 130 pounds
Physical Characteristics: Short, wrinkled face; colors include fawn, red, and brindle with a black mask
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The cane corso (pronounced "KAH-nay KOR-so") is an Italian dog breed historically used as a guard dog, war dog, and hunter. Its large size, heavy build, and deep-toned bark are useful in warding off trespassers. The breed possesses an instinct for guarding. Its training should focus on obedience and honing of its natural skills.
Height: 23.5 to 27.5 inches
Weight: 80 to 120 pounds
Physical Characteristics: Muscular, square dogs with large heads; short, coarse coat; colors are black, gray, fawn, and red; brindle is possible in all colors; may have black or gray mask; may have small patches of whiteContinue to 5 of 10 below.
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Similar in looks and temperament to the Belgian malinois, the German shepherd dog is another intense, active dog breed also favored as a police or military working dog. This breed exhibits a deep sense of loyalty toward its family members. Just like other protective dogs, training is critical to keep these dogs focused on being guard dogs. You will need to socialize your German shepherd to avoid fearfulness and nervousness properly. This dog also needs about two hours of exercise daily.
Height: 22 to 26 inches at the shoulder
Weight: 60 to 100 pounds
Physical Characteristics: Strong dog with well-defined muscles; coarse, medium-length double coat that comes in a variety of colors; and pointed ears that stick straight up
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Historically, the Doberman pinscher has had a bad rap as an aggressive dog breed. But with its human family, it is affectionate, docile, and even goofy. Most are not even hesitant towards strangers unless they sense danger. Dobermans can often do an excellent job of protecting with little to no formal training. With a structured training program, you can hone your dog's protection skills and turn your dog into an excellent guard dog.
Height: 24 to 28 inches at the shoulder
Weight: 65 to 100 pounds
Physical Characteristics: A medium-sized dog with a deep chest, well-defined muscles, and sturdy, intimidating appearance; short, sleek coats that come in red, blue, black, and fawn
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Known for its signature "dreadlocks," the Komondor's white corded coat makes this breed look a lot like a mophead. However, don't let its looks fool you. The Komondor is a large, strong, and courageous working dog that originated in Hungary. It was bred to guard livestock and property. Affectionate with its family, it is reserved around strangers. You can shape its natural desire to protect with a structured training program. Socialization will be essential to help expose this breed to different situations.
Height: 26 to 28 inches
Weight: 80 pounds and up
Physical Characteristics: White corded coat; large head; deep chest and muscular body
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Historically a hunting dog for large game and lions, the Rhodesian ridgeback has an intense loyalty to its family that makes it naturally inclined to protect. This dog is an affectionate and noble breed that makes a beautiful companion. Do not put this breed through guard dog training as it heightens protection instincts, which this dog already has in spades. However, basic obedience training is essential to give this dog structure. This breed needs to be able listen to you and follow your commands.
Height: 24 to 27 inches at the shoulder
Weight: 70 to 85 pounds
Physical Characteristics: A large, sturdy, athletic dog with a "ridge" along its back; coats are short and smooth, coming in light wheaten to red wheaten colorsContinue to 9 of 10 below.
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A rottweiler is another breed that has a reputation for being an aggressive dog. A Rottie can be a big goofy lovebug one moment and an intimidating defender the next. If a rottweiler trusts you, the dog will likely be loyal and affectionate with you. Rotties are usually hesitant towards strangers until the dog verifies the person poses no threat. This dog can become an excellent guard dog when adequately trained. This breed needs socialization, structure, and a task driving its daily activities.
Height: 22 to 27 inches at the shoulder
Weight: 80 to 130 pounds
Physical Characteristics: Large, muscular, and extremely robust dogs with a short double coat that comes in black with tan, rust, or mahogany coloring
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A Tibetan mastiff is an ultimate guard dog. No one is getting past this large, watchful, powerful, and intimidating dog. Historically, this Tibetan guard dog protecting caravans of people and herds in the Himalayas against wolves and snow leopards. Today, the Tibetan mastiff is easygoing around family but tends to distrust strangers and may exhibit territorial behavior if threatened by a stranger. Though not the most affectionate breed, this is a loyal dog that will protect you and your family. This dog also needs structure through training and socialization.
Height: 24 to 26 inches tall at the shoulder
Weight: 70 to 150 pounds
Physical Characteristics: Black, brown, blue/grey or gold-colored coat; fine double outer coat with heavy, soft, and woolly undercoat; massive head with a mane; kind facial expression
Breeds to Avoid
Dogs that do not make great guard dogs are those that are usually calm or low energy breeds that will likely ignore strangers or welcome them into your home. Super friendly canines like Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, and Irish setters are usually happy-go-lucky dogs that will welcome anyone to their home. Basset hounds tend to be lazier and may not get out of its dog bed when someone enters the house.