Betta & Gourami Profiles

  • 01 of 11

    Betta Splendens

    Male Betta. Tim Mitchell

    Bettas and Gouramis are known as labyrinth fish, which are part of the Anabantoidei family. They are native to Africa and Southeast Asia, residing in areas where high temperature and shallow water depth result in low oxygen saturation in the water.

    In addition to being able to breathe air directly, some of the fish in this family are able to move on dry land. Most are bubble-nest blowers, and the males of the species tend the young.

    • Scientific Name: Betta Splendens
    • Other Names: Betta
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Cambodia, Thailand
    • Adult Size: 3 inches (7 cm)
    • Social: Males cannot be kept together
    • Lifespan: 2-3 years
    • Tank Level: Top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 3 gallon
    • Diet: Live foods preferable, will eat flakes and frozen foods
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Easy to Intermediate
    • pH: 6.8 - 7.4
    • Hardness: up to 20 dGH
    • Temperature: 75-86 F (24-30 C)
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  • 02 of 11

    Chocolate Gourami

    http://0.tqn.com/d/freshaquarium/1/G/w/0/1/Chocolate_Gourami_300.jpg

     

    • Scientific Name: Sphaerichthys osphormenoides
    • Synonym: Osphromenus malayanus, Osphromenus notatus
    • Common Name: Chocolate Gourami
    • Family: Trichogasterinae
    • Origin: Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo
    • Adult Size: 1.75 inches ( 5 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful and shy
    • Lifespan: 5 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, Bottom dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
    • Breeding: Egglaying Maternal Mouthbrooder
    • Care: Difficult
    • pH: 4.0 to 7.0
    • Hardness: 2 to 4 dGH
    • Temperature: 75-86 F ( 25-30 C)
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  • 03 of 11

    Three Spot Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Trichogaster trichopterus
    • Other Names: Three Spot Gourami, Opaline Gourami, Cosby Gourami, Golden Gourami, Silver Gourami
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Malaysia, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam
    • Adult Size: 4 inches (10 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 4 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Easy
    • pH: 6.0 - 8.8
    • Hardness: 5-35 dGH
    • Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)
       
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  • 04 of 11

    Opaline Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Trichogaster trichopterus
    • Other Names: ​Three Spot Gourami, Opaline Gourami, Cosby Gourami, Golden Gourami, Silver Gourami
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Malaysia, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam
    • Adult Size: 4 inches (10 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 4 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Easy
    • pH: 6.0 - 8.8
    • Hardness: 5-35 dGH
    • Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)
       
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  • 05 of 11

    Dwarf Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Colisa lalia
    • Other Names: Powder Blue Gourami, Red Gourami
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Ganges, Jumna, Bramaputra
    • Adult Size: 2 inches (5 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 8 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats algae
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Intermediate
    • pH: 6.0 - 7.5
    • Hardness: 4-10 dGH
    • Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)
       
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  • 06 of 11

    Honey Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Colisa chuna "Gold"
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Bangladesh
    • Adult Size: 2 inches (5 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 4 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Intermediate
    • pH: 6.0 - 7.5
    • Hardness: up to 15 dGH
    • Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)
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  • 07 of 11

    Kissing Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Helostoma temminckii
    • Common Name: Kissing Gourami
    • Family: Helostomatidae
    • Origin: Java, Thailand
    • Adult Size: 6-12 inches (15-30 cm)
    • Social: Generally peaceful
    • Lifespan: 5 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
    • Breeding: Egglayer
    • Care: Intermediate
    • pH: 6.8 - 8.5
    • Hardness: 30 dGH
    • Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)
    Continue to 8 of 11 below.
  • 08 of 11

    Moonlight Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Trichogaster microlepis
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Thailand, Cambodia
    • Adult Size: 6 inches (15 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 4 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Intermediate
    • pH: 6.0 - 7.0
    • Hardness: 2-2 dGH
    • Temperature: 79-86 F (26-30 C)
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  • 09 of 11

    Pearl Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Trichogaster microlepis
    • Other Names: Leeri Gourami
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
    • Adult Size: 4 inches (10 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 8 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats most foods
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Easy
    • pH: 6.5 - 8.5
    • Hardness: 5-3 dGH
    • Temperature: 74-82 F (24-28 C)
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  • 10 of 11

    Red/Flame Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Colisa lalia
    • Other Names: Powder Blue Gourami, Red Gourami
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Ganges, Jumna, Bramaputra
    • Adult Size: 2 inches (5 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 8 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 5 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats algae
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Intermediate
    • pH: 6.0 - 7.5
    • Hardness: 4-10 dGH
    • Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)
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  • 11 of 11

    Powder Blue Gourami

     

    • Scientific Name: Colisa lalia
    • Other Names: Powder Blue Gourami, Red Gourami
    • Family: Belontiidae
    • Origin: Ganges, Jumna, Bramaputra
    • Adult Size: 2 inches (5 cm)
    • Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
    • Lifespan: 8 years
    • Tank Level: Mid, top dweller
    • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallon
    • Diet: Omnivore, eats algae
    • Breeding: Egglayer - bubblenest
    • Care: Intermediate
    • pH: 6.0 - 7.5
    • Hardness: 4-10 dGH
    • Temperature: 72-82 F (22-28 C)