Choosing an Exotic Pet

Close up detail of Bearded Dragon.

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When choosing an exotic pet it is important to consider the reasons you want a pet and the reality of caring for the kind of pet you want.

Basic Principles for Choosing an Exotic Pet

  • Avoid impulse adoptions.
  • Learn all you can about a potential pet before bringing it home.
  • Have all the necessary equipment and supplies on hand for the homecoming to make the transition to a new home as easy as possible for your pet.


If you are thinking about an exotic pet for the "cool" factor, please reconsider choosing an exotic pet. The long-term commitment might be overwhelming once the novelty wears off. Consider whether a pet is truly going to meet your expectations and fit into your long-term plans. Your choice of an exotic pet must also be based on your ability (in time and money) to provide adequate housing, space, care, and attention.

Is the Pet Legal?

First and foremost, find out which kinds of pets are illegal in your area. Don't ignore the laws (even archaic ones) just because you might get away with it; legal problems and heartache are a possible result.

Adult Size

Larger pets need more space and exercise and may be more difficult to handle.


Do you want a pet that enjoys human interaction and can be held or a pet that is happier without regular handling?

Feeding Requirements

Commercially prepared food is available for several pet species, but others will require a variety of fresh foods prepared daily or even mice or insects as a staple in their diets.


Consider what size and type of housing and space will be necessary. Think about what special equipment may be needed (e.g. ultraviolet lighting).


Keep in mind that housing, supplies, food, veterinary care, and other expenses are often far greater than the cost of the pet itself. Carefully consider what you can afford when choosing a pet.

Your Long-Term Plans

If your life circumstances change (school, moves, marriage, or children) will you still be able to care for your pet?

Compatibility with Children

Some pets are ill-suited to live with small children.

Single vs. Multiple Pets

Some pets are happiest as single pets (territorial and will fight), but others will be much more content with a companion of the same species. If pairs or groups will be kept, though, same-sex pairs are preferred to prevent reproduction. For yet others, pairs of females will get along while males should be kept singly.

Compatibility With Other Pets

Will a new pet get along with other pets in the home or be stressed out by other pets nearby?

Veterinary Care

It is a good idea to have a veterinarian lined up to care for your pet. For some of the more unusual ones it may be difficult to find one willing to see them, so see if you have access to vet care before choosing a pet.


Some pets live a very long time and are essentially a life-long commitment (and some may easily outlive you).

Activity Levels

Some pets are very active and require lots of exercise while others will be quieter (and some are so inactive they might be considered boring).

Destructive Tendencies

Some pets are made to chew, dig, and scratch and require significant training and pet-proofing.

Availability of Pet Sitters

Do you have someone who will look after your pet if you go away? Some of the more "unique" pets may be a challenge when it comes to finding pet sitters.

Health Concerns

Some animals carry diseases that can be transmitted to humans (such as zoonotic diseases). This is a very important consideration if there are household members with vulnerable immune systems—young children, elderly people, or immunocompromised people.


Some pets can be aggressive, dangerous, or toxic. Think twice about this one: why would you want to choose a pet in this category?