Welcoming a new baby into the family is exciting. It can also be stressful, especially if you already have a dog. Hopefully, you've spent the last few months preparing the dog for the baby's arrival. Even if you haven't thought of it before now, there are several things you can do to make the introduction between your dog and newborn go smoothly. None of these techniques are hard, but do be patient and consistent with your dog.
Bring Home Baby's Blanket
After your baby is born, but before bringing your new family member home from the hospital, bring home a blanket or article of clothing the baby has been wrapped in. Allow your dog to sniff and explore the blanket at its own pace. By the time you bring your newborn home, your dog should be somewhat familiar with the baby's scent.
Bring Baby in While the Dog is Outside
Chances are your dog is going to be very excited when it's female owner walks through the door with the new baby. Aside from the new bundle of unfamiliar smells and sounds, your pup probably hasn't seen "mom" for at least a day or so. The dog is bound to be excited when you walk through the door. Try having someone get to your home before you get there. Have them take the dog out for a long walk or playtime so it can burn off some excess energy. Wait until you and baby are settled comfortably before you bring your dog in to welcome the new arrival.
Allow the Dog to Say Hello to Mom First
Before bringing the dog into the same room as the baby, allow the dog to have some time to say hello to the new mother first. If the new mom walks in holding the baby, an excited dog may jump up to say hello. The first reaction may be to scold the dog for fear of harming the newborn. This can start the introductions off on the wrong foot. Instead, allow your dog to greet you before bringing the baby into the mix.
Keep Control of the Dog
For the initial meeting between the dog and baby, one person should hold the baby while the other has control of the dog. Keep the dog on the leash while you bring it over to say hello. Don't force the dog to approach the baby, but be sure to give the pup lots of praise and encouragement for approaching calmly. If it gets too excited and pulls on the leash to rush to the baby, the person holding the dog should back up and start again. Take a few slow steps at a time and reward when the dog goes slowly and remains calm.
Tell Your Dog What You Want
Instead of waiting to see if your dog is going to try to jump up or greet the baby too exuberantly or with aggression, let the dog know how you expect it to behave. As your dog approaches the new baby, give it a command, such as "down" or "sit." Reward the dog with praise or treats for doing as its told. Often, your dog just needs some direction from you to learn how to be well-behaved around an infant.
Don't Punish or Scold
If your dog reacts too exuberantly when its first introduced to the new baby, try to resist the temptation to scold the pup or to give it a leash correction. You don't want your dog to associate the baby with anything negative. Instead, use some treats to lure the dog away from the baby, give the dog some attention and some time to calm down, and then bring it back to try again.
Reward Good Behavior
Keep some tasty treats on hand for the first few days or so after bringing baby home. Try to remember to give your dog some treats and praise any time it is remaining calm and well-behaved when the baby is nearby. This will teach your dog that having the baby around means good things happen.
Maintain Your Dog's Schedule
One of the reasons many dogs behave badly when a new baby is brought home is because they get stressed at all the changes taking place in the house. You can greatly reduce your dog's stress simply by sticking to its regular schedule. Try to make sure the dog gets fed and walked at the same times it always did before the baby came home. It can be tough when you're trying to juggle your dog's schedule with that of a newborn, but it will be well worth the effort when your dog and baby develop a positive relationship. Help from friends and family can make things go easier.
Never Leave a Dog and Baby Unsupervised
This point cannot be stated strongly enough. Don't put your baby and your dog in a bad position by leaving them alone together. Accidents can happen even with the most well-behaved dogs. Prevent mishaps by never leaving your baby unattended in a room with the dog.
Problems and Proofing Behavior
A common mistake is to expect your dog to love your baby just as much as you do. Give your dog time. The baby (along with the visitors, new routine, etc.) are a big change for your dog. If your dog seems to be acting especially aggressive towards you or the baby, speak to your vet as soon as possible. This is an uncomfortable (and potentially dangerous) situation that you want to get sorted out quickly.