The red cat is a common type that is always tabby in pattern, and males far outnumber females. They are more commonly called orange, ginger, marmalade, yellow, butter, caramel, or butterscotch.
Red cats are not their own breed and you can find them in many cat breeds as well as moggies (cats with no pedigree). They may be shorthair or longhair cats. If you are looking for a lovely ginger cat, you will have a wide variety of breeds and coats to choose from. You may want a red cat that has tiger stripes or one with spots or patches.
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Many people believe that red cats have warm personalities that match their coat color, thinking they tend to be mellow, loving cats. However, cats are individuals and you may find yours to be a bossy alpha cat or one with a fiery, hot temper. Cat personalities are not as typically linked to breeds as are those of dogs. They haven't been bred for skills and temperaments as dogs have. But if you are looking for a specific personality, start with researching what is usual for different cat breeds.
The Red Gene
The reason a cat is red lies in the genes and chromosomes the cat has inherited. The study of genetics is so complicated and detailed that it takes many years of concentrated study to come even close to mastering it. The red color gene O codes for the production of the red pigment phaeomelanin. It is dominant, so it masks all of the other colors (such as black and variants of black).
The primary red color gene is carried on the X chromosome, and it is therefore sex-linked. A male cat usually has only one X chromosome as it is paired with the Y chromosome and males are XY. A female cat has two X chromosomes and are XX.
The red gene may be the O variant, producing red pigment, or the o variant that does not. If a male inherits the O variant from his mother, he will be red. If he inherits the o, he instead can express the black pigment coded on other genes. He won't ever be both red and black (which would make him calico or tortoiseshell), except in unusual cases of inheriting multiple X chromosomes or merging with a twin before birth.
Females who have O on each of their X chromosomes (OO) will be red. If they are Oo, they will be calico or tortoiseshell and have both red and black markings. If they are oo, they will be black. Because there are these different possible combinations, females have less of a chance of being only red than males do. About 80 percent of red cats are male and only 20 percent are female.
A male red cat can only be born from a mother who is red, calico, or tortoiseshell. A female red cat can only be born from a cross between a male red cat and a female red, calico, or tortoiseshell cat.
When a cat has the dilute gene, which is separate from the color gene, they have a lighter shade of red that looks like a creamy buff.
All red cats are tabby cats. The agouti gene determines whether a cat has a tabby pattern or not, but the non-agouti gene doesn't work when the red pigment is expressed. Although some red cats (usually dilutes) may appear to be a solid color, upon closer examination, you will see the pale stripes, whorls, or spots of the tabby. You will also see the distinctive tabby facial markings, including the magnificent "M" of tabby cats.
Red kittens usually have more obvious tabby markings. These may fade or disappear as they grow into adult cats.
The tabby patterns include:
- Mackerel tabby with tiger-like stripes
- Classic tabby with a bullseye pattern on the sides or butterfly pattern on the back
- Ticked tabby with tabby markings mostly present on the face
- Spotted tabby with oval or rosette markings rather than stripes
- Patched tabby with larger patches of colors as well as stripes
While kittens start off with blue eyes, they will usually produce other colors as they mature. The eyes of red cats eyes may be green, gold, or copper. Many have golden or topaz eyes.
Whether you call them red, marmalade, or orange, these sunshine cats will go a long way in brightening and lightening your home and your life.