8 Facts About Teacup Pigs That Aren't So Cute

pigs kissing in the sun

@vieleineinerhuelle / pixabay

Teacup or Juliana pigs are regular potbellied pigs that are tiny in size to malnutrition and are often falsely advertised as miniature. These little four-legged pets are not only roaming farms but living in homes now, too.

However, there are many myths and misconceptions surrounding Teacup pigs, which could lead to hurting their health and happiness if not properly addressed. Having a "teacup" pig can result in serious consequences— for both the pig and your family—so it's important to do all of your research before contacting a breeder.

Read on to learn more about "teacup" pigs, and why they might not be the right pet for you.

What is a Teacup Pig?

Teacups pigs are not miniature potbellys. Teacup pigs are actually potbellied pigs that have been starved to remain so tiny.

  • 01 of 09

    "Teacup" Pigs Don't Really Exist

    A close-up of a potbellied pig.

    @Efraimstochter / pixabay

    Nope, "teacup" is not a breed of pig, and it's not quite a nickname for a new breed either. Rather, "teacup" is a label that breeders give regular potbellied pigs that have been malnourished to stunt their growth or are falsely advertised as miniature.

    Pet potbellied pigs are indeed generally smaller than the standard farm pig. They can weigh between 100 and 200 pounds, while farm pigs run about 1,000 pounds. But that's far from the 10 to 12-pound "teacup" claim many breeders make. Even the smallest pot-bellied pig will weigh between 60 and 80 pounds. They may be considered underweight depending on the pig's stature, activity levels, and the environment.

  • 02 of 09

    Maintaining a "Teacup" Pig's Small Size Seriously Hurts Their Health

    Piglets eating from a trough.

    @matildanilsson / pixabay

    It's tough to hear, but many "teacup" breeders use cruel methods to keep their pigs small or stunt their growth. Two of the most common techniques are:

    • Inbreeding: Potbellied pigs are inbred to propagate their smaller stature. This lack of genetic diversity can lead to a whole host of health issues in their offspring.
    • Starvation: Another way many "teacup" breeders ensure a smaller stature is by underfeeding pigs to stunt their growth. They often encourage owners to drastically restrict their diets, too. Essentially, these pigs are starved, so they won't thrive. The result? The pigs' skeletal systems remain small, but their internal organs continue to grow to their full size, which can lead to bone deformities and bone frailty, among other serious health issues.
  • 03 of 09

    What You See Isn't What You Get With "Teacup" Pigs

    Three piglets in hay.


    If a "teacup" breeder shows you your potential piggy's parents, he or she is probably just showing you potbellied piglets. Pigs can breed as young as three months old. Because of this, parents to piglets are oftentimes piglets themselves—meaning you can't determine how big your "teacup" pig will be based on the size and appearance of his or her parents.

    What's more, some shady "teacup" pig breeders will simply show potential buyers infant potbellied pigs that will eventually grow into full-sized adolescents and adults.

  • 04 of 09

    "Teacup" Pigs Are Extremely Expensive

    Piglets kissing.

    @vieleineinerhuelle / pixabay

    If you want to purchase a "teacup" pig, be prepared to drop a whopping $750 to $3,500 on your new pet. After buying, the cost of keeping a pig as a pet only climbs from there.

    Because many "teacup" owners believe their pigs will remain small, they don't even consider the cost of raising a 100-pound (plus) pig in their home. Between adequate food supply (potbellied pigs can eat a lot), check-ups and vaccinations at the veterinarian, and other piggy supplies, it can cost thousands of dollars each year to own a pig. Plus, it's recommended to spay or neuter pet pigs to limit unpleasant behaviors and reduce the risk of certain cancers. But, this may prove challenging, as it may be difficult to track down a specialty vet who can perform the surgery.

    Continue to 5 of 9 below.
  • 05 of 09

    "Teacup" Pigs Have a Very Short Lifespan

    A side-view of a piglet.

    @Elcholito / pixabay

    Although the average potbellied pig is expected to live anywhere between 12 and 18 years, a "teacup" pig's lifespan typically hovers around five years due to issues with their skeletal and immune systems. Genetic disorders caused by inbreeding can also contribute to a shorter lifespan.

  • 06 of 09

    Pigs Need a Lot of Space

    A potbellied pig rooting outdoors.

    @Ralphs_Fotos / pixabay

    Pigs, in general, take up a lot of space, and not just because they're large. Pigs require daily exercise so they don't become bored, which could lead to destructive or aggressive behavior. Some can even become aggressive towards humans and bite or charge. Many pigs are abandoned or surrendered to shelters simply because their owners don't have the space to keep them happy, healthy, and engaged.

  • 07 of 09

    Owning Any Kind of Pig May Be Illegal Where You Live

    A close-up of a pig.

    @Jai79 / pixabay

    Believe it or not, keeping a pig as a pet may be illegal where you live. Zoning laws in several states consider pigs strictly farm animals and won't allow them in non-farming or non-agricultural settings.

    If you're considering adding a pig to the family, be sure to check out the zoning laws in your area. A little bit of research can help prevent the abandonment or surrender of many domesticated pigs each year.

  • 08 of 09

    Pigs Are Herd Animals

    Piglets cuddling during a nap.

    @RoyBuri / pixabay

    Did you know pigs are extremely social animals? Much like dogs, pigs develop "packs," often playing, lounging, and sleeping together. Depriving a pig of his or her social interaction can cause the pig to become bored, restless, or depressed, and he or she may act out aggressively.

    That being said, it's best to keep at least two pigs at a time, but many "teacup" owners who find themselves struggling with a 100 pound-plus pig will have an even harder time with two or more. Not to mention, double the pigs means double the expenses for food, supplies, and vet visits.

    Continue to 9 of 9 below.
  • 09 of 09

    Owning a Pig Is Not Like Owning a Cat or Dog

    Two pet potbellied pigs


    Pigs are indeed extremely intelligent, playful animals who are capable of forming deep, loving bonds with their humans. For some families, they're the perfect pet! Owning a pig, however, is entirely different than owning a cat or a dog. New pig owners are often surprised to learn how much work and money pig ownership truly requires.

    Unfortunately, many people who purchase "teacup" pigs are not prepared for them to grow into full-sized adolescents and adults. When the pigs grow too large, develop health problems, or display destructive behavior, they're often surrendered to shelters or simply abandoned.

    The bottom line? If you're considering purchasing a pig, ensure you have plenty of space, plenty of patience, and the budget to keep him or her happy and healthy.

Article Sources
The Spruce Pets uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Keeping a Pet Pig. Texas A&M University—College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences.

  2. Overview of Potbellied Pigs. Merck Veterinary Manual.

  3. Management of Potbellied Pigs. Merck Veterinary Manual.