Greater Swiss Mountain Dog: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care

History, Care Tips, and Helpful Information for Pet Owners

Greater Swiss mountain dog lying in leaves

Michal Kwiecinski "SlicaR" / 500px / Getty Images

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a giant working dog breed from Switzerland with a short, tricolor double coat and typically a white blaze running down the center of its face. Despite the breed's majestic and imposing size, these dogs are gentle giants. They are very in tune with their owners and can make great family pets. They love being busy and having jobs to do. And their friendliness, trainability, and strength have led to their success as therapy animals and search-and-rescue dogs.

Breed Overview

GROUP: Working

HEIGHT: 23.7 to 27 inches (female), 25.5 to 28.5 inches (male)

WEIGHT: 85 to 110 pounds (female), 115 to 140 pounds (male)

COAT: Short, smooth

COAT COLOR: Black, red, and white

LIFE SPAN: 8 to 11 years

TEMPERAMENT: Loyal, affectionate, companionable


ORIGIN: Switzerland

Characteristics of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Greater Swiss mountain dogs generally have very people-friendly personalities. Their affectionate temperaments allow them to get along with kids and even strangers. At the same time, they also can be good watchdogs. While they don't usually bark excessively, they will alert you to something they find unusual or threatening.

Affection Level High
Friendliness High
Kid-Friendly High
Pet-Friendly Medium
Exercise Needs Medium
Playfulness High
Energy Level Medium
Trainability High
Intelligence High
Tendency to Bark Medium
Amount of Shedding Medium

History of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

The Greater Swiss mountain dog developed in the Swiss Alps. It’s theorized that it descended from the breeding of native dogs and mastiff-type dogs that were brought to the area when the Romans invaded Switzerland in 58 B.C. 

As industrialization grew and farmers ceased to rely on working dogs, the Greater Swiss mountain dog breed nearly disappeared. However, in the early 1900s people began to take an interest in them again, and a breed club formed.

These powerful and hard-working dogs helped out with hauling heavy loads during World War II. And finally they made their way to the United States in the mid-1900s. The American Kennel Club first recognized the breed in 1995, and it still remains relatively rare.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Care

Greater Swiss mountain dogs only need a moderate amount of activity to exercise their big bodies. And it's imperative to make sure they're properly trained and socialized to keep their size and power in check. Fortunately, grooming is fairly simple for them in spite of their size.


Although they are athletic dogs, Great Swiss mountain dogs don’t require an enormous amount of exercise. Plan about an hour per day of physical activity, including walks, hikes, and games of fetch. If you’re looking for a dog to be a long-distance running partner, this likely isn’t the breed for you. 

Note that this dog has good resistance to the cold, thanks to its thick double coat. But it can be sensitive to hot weather. So keep outdoor sessions in the heat brief.


This breed’s coat is fairly low-maintenance. Plan to brush weekly to remove loose fur. And expect higher periods of shedding usually twice a year in the spring and fall. At that time, you’ll want to do more frequent and thorough brushings to capture all the loose fur. 

Baths are necessary roughly every month, depending on how dirty your dog gets. And check to see whether your dog needs a nail trim on a monthly basis as well. Also, look in your dog’s ears at least weekly for wax buildup, dirt, and irritation. And attempt to brush its teeth daily.


Begin training and socializing your Greater Swiss mountain dog from the moment you get them. These dogs can be difficult to manage as fully grown adults if they’re poorly socialized.

Luckily, these dogs are typically very in tune with their humans and eager to please. They respond well to positive training methods and are especially food-motivated. But they can have a stubborn streak as well. So it’s important to be very consistent and patient with your training to prevent bad habits from forming. 

Greater Swiss mountain dog catching a Frisbee with another dog
 macgyverhh​ / Getty Images

Common Health Problems

The Greater Swiss mountain dog doesn’t have any breed-specific health issues and tends to be very healthy throughout its life. But it can experience the same issues as other large breeds. They include:

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs as Pets

The Spruce / Emilie Dunphy

Diet and Nutrition

Always have fresh water available for your dog. And feed a quality, nutritionally balanced canine diet. It’s common to feed two measured meals per day. But discuss the type of diet and the amount with your vet to make sure you’re meeting the needs of this breed. Likewise, be mindful of treats and other snacks. Excess weight can put a lot of stress on the joints of this big dog.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Greater Swiss mountain dogs are not incredibly common, but it’s still worth checking local shelters for a dog in need of a home. Also, see whether there are breed-specific rescue groups in your area. If you’re looking for a reputable breeder puppy, expect to pay around $1,500 to $3,000, though this can vary widely depending on bloodline and other factors.

For further information to connect you with a Greater Swiss mountain dog, check out:

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Overview

  • Loving and loyal

  • Can be good with kids

  • Can excel in therapy and other canine jobs

  • Doesn't tolerate heat well

  • Can be boisterous, especially when young

  • Can be stubborn about training

More Dog Breeds and Further Research

Before deciding on a Greater Swiss mountain dog, do plenty of research first. Talk to vets, breed owners, rescue groups, and reputable breeders. Try to spend some time with the breed if possible.

If you’re interested in similar breeds, check out:

There’s a whole world of potential dog breeds out there—with a little research, you can find the right one to bring home!

  • What’s the difference between Greater Swiss mountain dogs and Bernese mountain dogs?

    Greater Swiss and Bernese mountain dogs look similar and are related. However, Greater Swiss mountain dogs are significantly larger with a much shorter coat.

  • Are Greater Swiss mountain dogs good family dogs?

    Greater Swiss mountain dogs can make excellent family pets, as long as they have proper training and socialization. They are typically patient with and even protective of children, though it’s important always to supervise a dog around young children.

  • Are Greater Swiss mountain dogs aggressive?

    Greater Swiss mountain dogs generally do not have an aggressive nature. They are often good watchdogs, barking at perceived threats. But they are not prone to biting.

The Spruce Pets uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. American Kennel Club.

  2. Obesity in Dogs. VCA Animal Hospitals