Developed to resemble big cats, the highlander is a medium to large, muscular, and athletic cat with a naturally short tail. The highlander comes in both shorthaired and longhaired versions, and they may come in any color in solid, tortie, tabby, or silver/smoke patterns.
The breed’s most distinguishing features are its straight to slightly convex forehead, wide nose bridge, blunt profile, and its wide-based ears that are loosely curled at the top. The highlander is a relatively new breed, and is not yet full recognized by any major cat registry, though it’s on its way to eventual full recognition with The International Cat Association.
OTHER NAMES: None.
PERSONALITY: Playful, energetic, clownish
WEIGHT: 10 to 20 pounds, with males slightly larger
LENGTH: 15 to 22 inches
COAT LENGTH: Up to 2.5 inches
COAT COLOR: All colors permissible; patterns include solid, tortie, tabby, silver/smoke
EYE COLOR: Varies
LIFE EXPECTANCY: 10 to 15 years
ORIGIN: United States
Characteristics of the Highlander Cat
Playful and outgoing, the highlander has a ton of energy. This people-oriented cat is friendly with almost anyone, including strangers, though he bestows the most affection on his human family. The breed gets along well with other cats and cat-friendly dogs. Though active and inquisitive, highlanders aren't particularly vocal. One of the highlander’s favorite pastimes is play, especially games of chase. They tend to wag their short tails when happy and playing, just like a dog.
|Tendency to Vocalize||Low|
|Amount of Shedding||Medium|
History of the Highlander Cat
The history of the highlander began in the 1990s when a U.S. cat breeder set out to create a new breed that resembled big wild cats. The first crosses were between the desert lynx and jungle curl cat breeds, and the new breed was initially called the highlander lynx, though the breed was never recognized by any of the major cat registries.
As time went on, new breeding efforts using domestic cats resulted in today's highlander, part of TICA’s Advanced New Breeds Class, the second level of the Championship Advancement Class Program. Advanced New Breeds can be shown in TICA-sanctioned cat shows, but they do not earn any titles or points. The highlander is not recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association.
Highlander Cat Care
Highlanders come with both short and long coats, so grooming varies depending on coat length. Brush both coat types several times a week with a soft slicker brush to remove loose hair and cut down on shedding on your furniture and clothing. For the longhaired highlander, pay careful attention to the shaggy belly hair, which is longer than the rest of the coat. Brush or comb this belly fur thoroughly to prevent matting. Bathe your highlander with a moisturizing shampoo every few months to keep the coat clean, soft, and shiny.
Trim the nails every other week, and look inside the ears weekly. If you see a small amount of dirt or wax in the ears, clean the ears using a cotton ball or gauze square and pet ear cleaner. Never stick anything inside your cat’s ear, including cotton swabs, as you risk damaging his ear drums. If the ears look red, inflamed or very dirty, schedule an appointment to see your veterinarian.
The highlander is naturally active and will get enough exercise by exploring, climbing, and playing if you engage them in short play sessions throughout the day and provide several climbing options like cat trees, kitty condos, and even bookshelves near windows (for a peek at the birds or squirrels outside). Rotate toys like feather wands, balls that jingle, and toy mice to keep things interesting. Many highlanders love to play chase and fetch. Provide scratching zones in the house, with vertical scratchers (like tall posts or cat trees) and horizontal scratchers (cardboard or sisal scratchers that lie on the ground).
Common Health Problems
Highlander cats have no known breed-specific diseases or other health concerns; however, any cat can become sick or injured or develop a health problem at any age. It’s important for your highlander cat to visit the veterinarian at least once a year for an annual checkup and complete physical to make sure he's healthy—and to find any developing health concerns as early as possible.
Highlanders are medium- to large-sized cats with muscular bodies, rectangular in shape with a straight back. The hips are higher than the shoulders because of the rear legs being longer than the front legs. Male highlanders are larger than females.
The feet are rounded with large knuckles, and the longhaired variety has toe tufts. The short, thick tail is 1 inch or longer but should not extend below the hock. The tail may be kinked or curled. The highlander’s head is wide with an inverted pear shape, with a straight to slightly rounded forehead; strong and deep chin; squared muzzle; and a wide nose. In profile, the nose, muzzle, and chin form a straight line. The eyes are slightly flattened or hooded oval shape. The medium-sized ears are wide at the base and set somewhat on the top of the head. They're firm at the base but flexible at the tips, which are loosely curled (no more than 90 degrees). Some highlanders have ear furnishings and ear tufts. They may be any color and come in serval patterns, including solid, tortie, tabby, and silver/smoke.
Diet and Nutrition
Because the highlander cat is naturally active and athletically built, he’s less inclined to become overweight. But any cat has the potential to overindulge if nutrition is not managed properly. A lean cat is a healthier cat, and staying slim can help prevent the development of obesity-related health issues like diabetes and arthritis. Don’t keep the food bowl filled all day. Instead, feed adult highlanders two meals a day. Young kittens should eat three to four times a day. Serving measured meals helps prevent overeating. Ask your breeder or veterinarian for advice about the best food for your highlander cat.
Where to Adopt or Buy a Highlander Cat
The highlander is a rare breed, and it's not yet fully recognized by a major cat registry. For this reason, it might be more difficult to find a highlander than a cat of another breed, but it’s still possible to find a reputable breeder with kittens available. The International Cat Association lists active highlander breeders on its website. Because highlanders can be exhibited at TICA cat shows, you might be able to meet a breeder and see their cats by attending a show. Check TICA’s website to locate a show near you. Purebred highlanders are unlikely to end up at animal shelters, but you can check with breeders to see if they know anyone looking to rehome their adult highlander.
The highlander is meant to resemble big cats in the wild, but there's nothing wild about the breed’s personality. This affectionate, friendly, and people-oriented breed loves to play and hang out with the family. Vocally, the highlander is somewhat quiet, but he's likely to follow you around the house as you go about your day. The highlander’s unique appearance, with his loosely curled ears and naturally short tail, will make this breed the talk of the neighborhood. Highlanders need a lot of attention and activity to thrive.
Unique and striking looks
Affectionate and friendly
Gets along well with people, kids and other pets
Needs a lot of attention and activity
Doesn’t do well if left alone for long periods
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