Most homes contain dangerous chemicals and caustic substances that may be toxic to dogs. Most humans know better than to come into contact with the most dangerous chemicals. However, just like parents must protect their children from household toxins, so must dog owners protect their dogs.
Many chemicals can be harmful to dogs if they are ingested, inhaled, or make contact with skin. In some cases, chemicals can enter the bloodstream and affect major organs.
Certain chemicals may be considered safe for humans but can still harm dogs.
Be very mindful of the products you are using in your yard and home. Try to switch to products that are known to be safe for pets. If you treat your yard with chemicals, be sure your dog does not have access to the yard until it is dry (and that the chemical it is safe once dry). The same applies to carpet cleaners and cleaners used on other surfaces where your dog may walk.
Household Substances Toxic to Dogs
The following substances are commonly found in and around the home and pose a high toxicity risk to dogs:
- Antifreeze: Ethylene glycol is the toxic chemical in antifreeze. Sadly, this is common poison in dogs. It tastes good to them, but even very small amounts are highly toxic. Symptoms of ethylene glycol poisoning appear rapidly and can quickly lead to death.
- Battery acid: This very dangerous chemical can irritate and ulcerate at skin, mucous membranes, and the gastrointestinal tract
- Bleach: This chemical is caustic to skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal tract; fumes are potentially harmful
- Drain cleaner: This is also caustic to skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal tract; fumes are potentially harmful
- Drugs and medications: This includes prescription, over-the-counter, and illicit/recreational drugs; effects depend on the type of drug and quantity ingested; toxicity can easily cause death
- Fertilizer: Depending on the type, some fertilizers can irritate the skin and feet if your dog comes into contact with it, especially before it is dry. It can also be harmful if ingested.
- Glue: Many types of glue are dangerous, causing poisoning, skin and mucous membrane irritation, and gastrointestinal obstruction; Gorilla Glue is perhaps one of the worst
- Herbicides: Like fertilizer, herbicides can cause irritation to your dog's feet and skin if he walks through it, especially if it's still wet; if ingested, your dog could experience toxic effects
- Household cleaners and detergents: Depending on the chemical, these can be dangerous if ingested, inhaled, or if they come into contact with the skin
- Kerosene: Caustic to the skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal tract; fumes are potentially harmful
- Motor oil: Some people may have heard of motor oil being used as a "home remedy" for mange, but this is absolutely untrue! Never put motor oil on your dog. It is harmful to the skin and dangerous if ingested. It can easily kill a dog.
- Mulch containing cocoa bean shells: This type of mulch is a tasty yet dangerous snack for dogs. Effects are the same as chocolate toxicity.
- Nail polish/nail polish remover (acetone): Caustic to the skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal tract; fumes are potentially harmful; nail polish can become glued to the hair
- Paint, varnish, lacquers, sealants, stains: Caustic to the skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal tract; fumes are potentially harmful; may also dry on fur and be difficult to remove
- Paint thinners and paintbrush cleaners (mineral spirits, turpentine, etc.): Caustic to the skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal tract; fumes are potentially harmful
- Pesticides: Same as herbicides and fertilizer
- Rat Poison: Sadly, rodenticide toxicity is a common poison in dogs. Rat poison is extremely toxic if ingested. NEVER use rat poison in or around your home.
- Salts (specifically rock salt/sidewalk salt) and other Deicers: These can irritate the skin and feet of dogs; also potentially harmful if ingested.
This is not a complete list of household toxins. Remember that any item in or around your home can pose a risk for your dog.
Learn about the safety of products before you purchase and use them. Try to use as many pet-safe products as possible. Keep dangerous items where your dog absolutely cannot find them and remember that some dogs will be destructive to get to forbidden areas. Keep your dog away from areas where cleaners, fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides have been recently sprayed (many are safe once dry, but find out which ones are safe and only use those).
What To Do If Your Dog Is Poisoned
If your dog is exposed to a toxin, you must act immediately. Call your veterinarian right away; do not wait for symptoms to appear. NEVER induce vomiting unless directed to do so by a veterinary professional. Caustic substances can be even more harmful coming back up than they were going down.
In case of toxin exposure, keep a list of important phone numbers in a visible, easily accessible location. Be sure pet sitters and other people who might be in your home are aware of the location of the list. The following phone numbers should be included:
- Your primary veterinarian
- One or more nearby 24-hour veterinary emergency clinics
- ASPCA Poison Control: (888) 426-4435 (fee applies, but free to Home Again subscribers)
- Pet Poison Hotline: 800-213-6680 (fee applies)
- An emergency contact number for you and your dog's co-owner (if applicable).