There is no quick and easy answer to the frequency with which a given cat or kitten should be fed, as the age and relative health of your cat, how many cats you have, your own home environment, as well as the type of food you feed, will all play a large part in how you handle feeding. For example, a stay-at-home caregiver will be able to feed canned food to kittens or geriatric cats several times a day. On the other hand, a single, working owner or a two-income family will rely more on dry cat food, with early morning and late-night supplements of canned food.
Frequency to Feed Kittens Canned Food
Kittens need roughly twice the nutrients of adult cats, for both growth and energy. Obviously, their tummies cannot handle large quantities of food. Therefore, much like human babies, they need frequent feedings at first, tapering off as they grow. It is important during this time to weigh the kittens regularly, to ensure they are gaining regularly, but not becoming overly fat. Their hunger will usually be a pretty good guideline for determining if they are getting enough nutrition.
As a rule, it is best for kittens under eight weeks old to remain with the mother cat. If this is impossible, a kitten may be fed by bottle as early as two weeks old. Alternatively, the kitten can at five weeks old, be gradually introduced to a good canned kitten food, mixed with equal parts of a "kitten formula" such as KMR. (Kitten Milk Replacer). Note: I do not advise giving kittens whole milk, as many cats are allergic to it. As the kitten approaches six weeks old, the amount of KMR can be gradually reduced, until the kitten is eating canned food alone.
Note: These guidelines refer to feedings of canned food.
- At 6 Weeks: Three or more small feedings, spaced regularly throughout the day. Be sure to weigh the kitten regularly, and record his or her weight in a dated chart to keep track of its development.
- At 12 Weeks: Increase the amount of each meal, and gradually space them out to three meals a day.
- Around 6 Months: You may gradually space out the meals to twice daily.
Feeding Adult Cats
Unless a kitten is showing excessive weight gain, he is considered an "adult" at the age of one year, and for the next nine years or so, may be fed adult "maintenance" food once or twice daily, with supplements of dry food when needed, as listed below.
Veterinarians say dry food given for the convenience of the caregiver will meet the nutritional needs of the cat as long it is complete and balanced. Cats have lived long and happy lives on an exclusive diet of dry foods, and for working caregivers, adult cats may be fed a meal of canned food morning and night, with dry food left out for "grazing."
Geriatric and Special Needs Cats
Older cats can be on the same feeding schedule as adult cats as long as haven't developed conditions requiring specific dietary needs. It is best with these cats to follow your veterinarian's directions for feeding, both to schedule and type of food.
Nutrition: General Feeding Guidelines for Cats. VCA Animal Hospitals.
Ahola, M.K., Vapalahti, K., Lohi, H. Early weaning increases aggression and stereotypic behaviour in cats. Sci Rep, vol. 7, pp. 10412, 2017. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11173-5
How Often Should You Feed Your Cat? Feline Health Center, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine.