Watching your dog or cat have a seizure is a frightening experience. However, with a little bit of knowledge, you can make the situation safer for your pet and less frightening for you.
The Average Seizure in the Dog or Cat
- First of all, do not panic. Your dog or cat will pick up on your feelings and emotions and may become even more frightened as a result. In addition, you need to stay calm in order to help your dog or cat safely through the seizure.
- Move your dog or cat away from any objects or areas in which he can become injured. Make sure there are no sharp edges near him that he could cut himself on. Move him away from any steps or stairs that he could fall down.
- Remember that your dog or cat has no control over his muscle movements while he is having a seizure. Many pets will urinate and/or defecate during a seizure.
- Keep your hands and other body parts away from his mouth so that you do not become injured. Do not try to hold your pet's tongue. Dogs cannot swallow their tongues while having a seizure.
- Talk to your dog or cat in a calm, soothing voice while he is having a seizure. You can pet your dog, but be careful of moving your hands too close to their mouth and be wary of being injured by their moving limbs.
After the Seizure
While any pet experiencing their first seizure should be examined by a veterinarian, it may not be necessary to immediately rush your dog or cat to an emergency hospital.
If your dog or cat had a single seizure, behaved normally prior to the seizure, the seizure stopped in less than 5 minutes, and your dog or cat returned to his normal behavior afterward, call your veterinarian or local emergency clinic for advice. You may be able to schedule a veterinary appointment to have your pet examined rather than be seen on an emergency basis. You may be prescribed a medication to control seizures.
However, there are some situations where a seizure in a dog or cat becomes an emergency.
When Does a Canine or Feline Seizure Become an Emergency?
Status epilepticus describes a seizure that lasts for a long period of time, usually 30 minutes or longer. If your dog or cat has been having a seizure for more than 5 minutes and has not stopped, this is an emergency situation.
Dogs in status epilepticus can suffer permanent brain damage and his or her life is at risk. Emergency veterinary care should be sought immediately.
If your pet has had seizures in the past and your veterinarian has dispensed a diazepam (Valium®) suppository, this is a good time to administer it following your veterinarian's instructions.
Cluster Seizures in the Canine and Feline
A similar and equally dangerous situation occurs when a dog or cat has cluster seizures. Cluster seizures are, as the name implies, a cluster of seizures that occur back-to-back.
As with status epilepticus, cluster seizures can be life-threatening and emergency veterinary attention should be sought for any dog or cat that has had more than two seizures in a 24 hour period.