Indian Ringneck Parakeet (Rose-Ringed Parakeet): Bird Species Profile

Temperament, Diet, and Care Tips

Indian Ringnecks Make Delightful Companions

Neha Gupta / Getty Images

A beautiful bird, the Indian ringneck parakeet is a very popular pet. It may not be right for everyone because it requires a lot of attention and care, but they are very social birds and can become excellent companions for the entire family. These birds love to talk and enjoy a good challenge, which makes training a ton of fun.

Species Overview

Common Names: Indian ringneck parakeet, Indian ringneck parrot, rose-ringed parakeet

Scientific Name: Psittacula krameri manillensis

Adult Size: 16 inches in length including tail feathers and 4 ounces in weight for a medium-sized parrot

Life Expectancy: 25 to 30 years; instances of ringnecks living past 50 have been authenticated

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Click Play to Learn More About the Colorful Indian Ringneck Parakeet

Origin and History

The Indian ringneck parakeet is a sub-species of the rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and the many sub-species are scattered throughout Africa and Asia. The Indian ringneck is an Asiatic parrot and originally from Ceylon though it's now found in many parts of Asia, notably India and Pakistan. They can also be found in the western and southern areas of Sudan and are quite popular in the Middle East where they are bred and found in the wild.

In the wild, they live in lightly timbered areas, as well as farmed areas of the countryside. They travel in flocks of 100 or more birds, so they are used to having company.

Indian ringneck parakeets have been kept in captivity from as early as 200 BC. In India, they were regarded as sacred beings after religious leaders began to recognize their ability to clearly mimic human language. Highly regarded by wealthy Indian royals, ringneck parrots were kept in decorative cages and were admired for their colors and charming dispositions.

In the 1920s, aviculturists began breeding captive ringnecks and, with the advent of different color mutations, the popularity of the bird began to explode. Now widely available in the pet trade, Indian ringneck parakeets continue to gain increasing popularity as pets. Their relatively small size and beautiful markings help to make the ringneck a good choice for many bird owners.

Temperament

Although the Indian ringneck has something of a reputation for being nippy and hard to train, it is largely undeserved. Since they are so smart, ringnecks get bored very easily, and will often resort to chewing and other destructive behavior if left to their own devices.

They also go through a bluffing stage during adolescence that is difficult for some owners to manage. This comes with slight aggression but the phase lasts only a few weeks or months.

Ringnecks that are handled often and properly cared for, however, generally have sweet, charming personalities that make them a favorite of bird enthusiasts everywhere. Their voices are almost comical, as it is a very high-pitched yet sweet little voice. You will also notice that they're great at alerting you to danger, a natural instinct brought with them from the wild that comes with rather loud calls.

They do not have the reputation of being very affectionate, though the females tend to form a stronger bond with owners while the males are more easy-going about it. They are generally a low-maintenance bird—if there is really such a thing. Despite their aloof personalities, they do require a lot of time and attention. 

Speech and Vocalizations

The Indian ringneck is one of the best-talking birds among the domestic species. They can typically start speaking between eight months and one year old, and they can learn over 200 words. The bird can range from normal speaking level to yelling or screeching, but they are more generally known for their intelligence and quick learning when it comes to speech.

Indian Ringneck Parakeet Colors and Markings

Ringnecks are available in shades ranging from bright yellows, greens, and blues, to albinos, cinnamons, and lutinos. Though the color mutations are common, the normal coloring of this species is bright lime green with blue tail feathers and yellow under the wings.

They are known as a dimorphic species, meaning that a bird's sex can be determined by its colors and markings. Males sport deep red beaks, black facial markings, and three bands of color around their necks. The black ring develops at about 18 months and blue and pink rings appear by the time they reach 3 years old. Females, while still beautiful, lack the facial and collar bands, although some do display a slight darkening of color around their necks.

Indian ringneck parakeets, male and female
Ajith Kumar/Flickr/ CC BY 2.0
Indian Ringneck Parakeet, Lutino mutation
Leidy755/Getty Images
Indian ringneck parakeet, blue mutation
Nattrass/Getty Images

Caring for the Indian Ringneck Parakeet

With adequate attention, handling, and love, an Indian ringneck parakeet can quickly become a beloved companion and family member. They enjoy learning new things and are especially proficient with owners who want to challenge their intelligence. That's one reason they develop such large vocabularies and are great at bird tricks.

If you notice any aggressive behavior, it's best to avoid scolding as the bird can develop a lifetime fear of people. Ignoring bad behavior and using positive reinforcement for good behavior is the best way to handle this bird.

The cage for this bird needs to be larger than you might expect. It should accommodate their long tail and let the bird hop around and play when you're not around. Make sure the bar spacing isn't large enough for them to get stuck in or escape through.

Cleaning the food and water daily, perches and toys weekly, and the floor monthly is a must for keeping the bird healthy. Once a year, plan on taking everything outside to be hosed down.

Common Health Problems

While the Indian ringneck parakeet is generally known to be a healthy pet bird, they are prone to common diseases like psittacosis, polyomavirus, aspergillosis, and a number of bacterial infections. If bored, left alone for too long, or depressed, this bird may turn to self-destructive behaviors such as feather plucking.

Diet and Nutrition

Wild Indian ringnecks usually feast on a diet of fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries, and seeds. They also enjoy the nectar from flowers and the flowers themselves.

While most vets agree that it is best for captive birds to eat a nutritionally balanced pelleted diet, a ringneck will appreciate a variety of fruits and vegetables in their diet. Leafy greens and vegetables are crucial for any companion parrot to maintain a nutritionally sound diet, and the Indian ringneck parakeet is no exception. They can also eat healthy cooked food you would eat and are particularly fond of chicken, though beans, grains, and rice are also acceptable. Avocados and chocolate are toxic to birds.

Some ringneck owners find that their bird will sort out and leave behind pellets if it's mixed with seeds. This is the only thing these birds seem to be picky about eating. If you find that to be the case, offer pellets and seeds separately and rotate them on a regular schedule. Even if they don't eat something right away, they usually come around to it.

As with all birds, food and water containers should be emptied, cleaned, and refilled daily to reduce the risk of bacterial growth and infection.

Exercise

Parakeets are very active birds. As with most other bird species, it is a good idea to have a safe area for the pet to play and stretch its wings out of its cage for a few hours each day.

Ringnecks also have powerful jaw muscles to maintain. It is wise to provide an array of chewable toys, perches, and cage accessories so the bird is less likely to gnaw on something valuable or dangerous. This species really enjoys puzzles and any complex toys you can find, which should help keep the bird busy as well.

Providing a mister and a dish of water to bathe in will also keep your feathered friend very happy.

indian ringneck parakeet (rose-ringed parakeet) as pets
The Spruce / Kelly Leigh Miller
Pros
  • Social and friendly

  • Intelligent and can speak up to 200 words

Cons
  • Can be loud, so not well-suited for apartments

  • Can be more dependent on their owners than other birds

Where to Adopt or Buy an Indian Ringneck Parakeet

Indian ringnecks are fairly common in the United States and can be rescued, adopted, or purchased at verified organizations like RescueParrots.org or adoption websites like Petfinder. Pricing ranges from $400 to $500, though you can expect to pay up to $700 depending on the organization and the bird.

If you're going the breeder route, make sure that the breeder is reputable by asking them how long they've been breeding and working with the species you're interested in, and asking for a tour. Don't be alarmed if you are unable to tour the facilities in which they keep the birds—many reputable breeders opt to work under closed aviaries, which keep any harmful diseases away from the flock.

Also, make sure that the bird you want to take home is as healthy as a breeder, rescue, or adoption agency says. You'll know a bird is healthy if it is alert, active, and exhibit all the signs of a healthy bird, such as bright eyes, clean feathers, and full crops.

More Pet Bird Species and Further Research

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Otherwise, check out all of our other small parrot species profiles.