Italian Greyhound: Dog Breed Characteristics & Care

History, Care Tips, and Helpful Information for Pet Owners

Italian Greyhound dog standing on a rattan rug

The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong

The Italian greyhound is a small toy dog breed from Italy with a short coat, long neck, and slender legs. These sleek dogs were bred to be companions. And if there’s a warm lap for them to curl up in, that’s where they’d love to spend their time. Still, these dogs are quick and nimble with a hound’s hunting instinct, and they love to play too.

Breed Overview

Group: Toy

Height: 13 to 15 inches

Weight: 7 to 14 pounds

Coat: Short, smooth

Coat Color: Gray, black, fawn, chocolate, tan, cream, red, sable, or a combination

Life Span: 14 to 15 years

Temperament: Affectionate, playful, companionable

Hypoallergenic: Yes

Origin: Italy

Characteristics of the Italian Greyhound

Italian greyhounds generally have a sensitive and sociable personality. And playfulness is typical of their temperament. They love to be around people and even get along well with other dogs. 

Affection Level High
Friendliness  High
Kid-Friendly Medium
Pet-Friendly High
Exercise Needs Medium
Playfulness High
Energy Level Medium
Trainability Medium
Intelligence Medium
Tendency to Bark Medium
Amount of Shedding Low
Italian Greyhound dog laying in white and cream-colored bed

The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong

Italian Greyhound dog's face with gray and white fur

The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong

Italian Greyhound dog'd body with gray fur

The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong

History of the Italian Greyhound

The Italian greyhound is an ancient dog breed that originated over 2,000 years ago in the Mediterranean region. Artifacts from the area show images of the breed, and the dogs' miniature skeletons have been discovered in archaeological digs. These dogs were likely kept around for both companionship and small-game hunting.

In Renaissance Italy, the breed became a lapdog of the wealthy. It was beloved by royal families and aristocrats, and many Renaissance-era portraits even depict nobles with their canine companions. 

The breed made its way to North America in the 19th century. The American Kennel Club first recognized it in 1886.

Italian Greyhound Care

Italian greyhounds need some exercise and mental stimulation to get their energy out every day. And they should receive consistent training and socialization. Their grooming typically is not a huge time commitment.


Italian greyhounds love napping in a cozy spot, but they also need regular exercise to be healthy and happy. Aim for at least an hour per day of physical activity. Typically a couple of short walks plus playtime throughout the day should suffice. You also can offer puzzle toys or enroll in dog sports to provide both mental stimulation and physical activity. 

Don’t forget about this small hound’s high prey drive when heading outside. Always keep it in a securely fenced area or on leash to prevent it from running off to chase perceived prey. Furthermore, if you live in a cold climate, keep outdoor time brief in chilly weather. This breed is sensitive to the cold because of its short coat and low body fat. Many owners have coats and sweaters to provide extra warmth for their dogs.


Use a grooming mitt on the Italian greyhound’s short, smooth coat roughly every week to remove loose fur and debris, and distribute skin oils. The coat typically stays relatively clean, but you can bathe your dog roughly every month, depending on how dirty it gets. 

Aim to brush your dog’s teeth daily, as this breed is prone to dental issues. Discuss the need for professional teeth cleanings with your vet as well. Look in your dog’s ears at least weekly for wax buildup and irritation. Check its nails about once a month to see whether they need a trim.


Always use positive, rewards-based training methods with this breed. Italian greyhounds can be sensitive and stubborn when it comes to harsh corrections, potentially shutting down and refusing to learn. Immediately offer praise and/or a treat for positive behavior, and be consistent with your commands. Aim to begin training from a young age to prevent the development of bad habits.

Moreover, make an effort to socialize your Italian greyhound ideally from an early age. Expose it to different people, other dogs, and various locations. This will help to boost its comfort and make it a more adaptable, well-adjusted dog.

White Italian greyhound puppy sitting on the floor
Melissa Ross / Getty Images
A small gray Italian greyhound dog getting its nails clipped by a vet
Malcom MacGregor / Getty Images
An Italian greyhound lying in bed with white sheets
Alessandro Manco / Getty Images
An Italian greyhound looking to its right lying in green grass
Sanisa Chuenarom / Getty Images

Common Health Problems

Italian greyhounds have a relatively long life span, but they are prone to some hereditary health issues, including:

Diet and Nutrition

Always have fresh water accessible for your dog. Feed a nutritionally balanced canine diet. It’s typical to feed two measured meals per day. But you should always discuss the recommended type and amount of food with your vet. Monitor treats and other extra food closely to prevent your dog from overeating. Even minor weight gain can be significant for such a small dog and put unnecessary pressure on its joints.

Where to Adopt or Buy an Italian Greyhound

Italian greyhounds aren’t a common dog breed, but it’s still worth checking local animal shelters and rescue groups for a dog in need of a home. If you’re looking for a puppy from a reputable breeder, expect to pay around $600 to $1,200, though this can vary widely. For further information on owning an Italian greyhound, check out:

Italian Greyhound Overview

  • Affectionate and family-oriented

  • Adaptable to different living situations, including small homes

  • Simple grooming needs

  • Prone to dental problems

  • Doesn't tolerate cold weather well

  • Can be sensitive and stubborn about training

More Dog Breeds and Further Research

Before bringing home an Italian greyhound, make sure to do sufficient research to determine whether the breed is right for your lifestyle. Talk to breed owners, rescue groups, reputable breeders, and veterinarians. Spend some time around Italian greyhounds, too, if possible.

If you’re interested in similar breeds, check out:

There’s a whole world of potential dog breeds out there—with a little research, you can find the right one to bring home!

  • Are Italian greyhounds good family dogs?

    Italian greyhounds that are well trained and socialized can be good family pets for children who understand how to be gentle with them. Rough handling can cause injuries, such as a broken leg.

  • Are Italian greyhounds aggressive?

    Italian greyhounds typically do not have an aggressive nature, as long as they have proper training and socialization. They have moderate watchdog tendencies but are usually very open to meeting strangers.

  • Are Italian greyhounds good apartment dogs?

    Italian greyhounds can be excellent apartment dogs thanks to their small size and moderate energy level. They also aren't usually excessive barkers.

Article Sources
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  1. Italian Greyhound. American Kennel Club.

  2. Italian Greyhound Puppies and Dogs. Adopt a Pet.