How to Care for Your New Puppy

What to Expect From Puppy Training Classes

Young spaniel puppy beginning its training
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Most new puppy owners know that proper dog training is an essential part of raising a puppy. Many owners agree that some sort of puppy training class is a good idea. But what happens during puppy training classes? And what exactly should your puppy be learning in these classes? There are several things that should be covered in any good puppy training class.

How Puppy Training Classes Work

A good puppy training class will be led by an experienced dog trainer. Often, classes take place at a dog training facility, but some are conducted in a pet supply store, veterinary office, or some other canine facility. Classes may be called "puppy kindergarten" or "puppy manners." Fees for these classes will vary, but you typically get what you pay for. Be sure to research the trainer before you sign up for a class. Make sure the trainer has experience and references. the facility should be dog-safe and have plenty of open space to work. 

Most puppy courses are held once a week for about four to eight weeks. The trainer will usually focus on two or three things during each class and provide home training goals for you to work on between weekly classes. The ultimate goal of puppy classes is to set a good foundation for your dog's training and behavior in the future. Classes should cover the basics: socialization, house training tips, basic obedience, and general communication with your dog. The dog trainer can also help you address various behavior issues and answer questions about your puppy's training.

Puppy Socialization

Socialization is the most important part of any puppy training class. Socialization refers to exposing puppies to as many new people, places, and situations as possible. The idea is that the more things a puppy is exposed to while he's young, the more accepting he'll be of different people and experiences later in life. He's less likely to become fearful or aggressive. While it's important to work on other training with your puppy, socialization is what truly sets him on the path of a lifetime of good behavior.

Working on socialization in a puppy training class is ideal. It allows you to work on introducing your puppy to people, dogs, and other new things while under the supervision of an experienced dog trainer.


While most dog trainers believe socialization is the most important part of puppy training, most new puppy owners are concerned with housebreaking. Every puppy training class should provide you with information on house training and crate training. The dog trainer leading the class should be able to address any specific concerns you have about housebreaking as well.

Basic Obedience

Puppy training classes should address some basic obedience commands. At the very least, you should learn how to train your puppy to sit, lie down, and walk on a loose leash. Some trainers focus on other important commands as well, during the puppy training course, such as come and stay.

While learning how to train a puppy new commands is important, it should not be given more attention than socialization. If your dog trainer is only concerned with training commands, you may want to find a new puppy class.

Behavior Problems

Puppy training classes should also cover the more common behavior problems faced by puppy owners. Puppies tend to chew, jump, and whine when left alone. All of these behavior problems should be covered to some degree in your puppy training class.

Your Questions Answered

One of the most important aspects of a puppy training class is that the trainer should address all of your questions and concerns. Dogs think and act differently than we do, and it may take you awhile to understand your new puppy's behavior. A good dog trainer will spend time addressing each of your questions until you have a better understanding of why your puppy behaves the way he does, and what you can do to change his unwanted behaviors.

After Puppy Classes Are Completed 

Training shouldn't stop after puppy classes end. Throughout the puppy training course, your trainer will get to know you and your dog fairly well. By the end of class, the trainer can help you decide what your dog can work on next. The trainer may recommend a next level training class or a specialized class to work on specifics. The trainer can also advise you about getting your dog involved in activities like dog sports, animal-assisted therapy, or even a "job" for your dog