Safe Wood and Other Plants for Rabbits

Gray rabbit eating carrots with green tops

The Spruce / Kristie Lee

Rabbits need to chew on things regularly to keep their teeth trimmed and healthy. Wood is a popular and natural choice for rabbit owners but not all types of wood are safe—something to keep in mind when choosing wood for a rabbit hutch or for rabbit toys.


Before just grabbing that tree branch from your backyard or a chunk of wood from the local lumber yard make sure the wood you are offering your rabbit is safe, free of pesticides, untreated, preferably organic, do not include any roots, and are free of paint.

Plants that many people can find in their backyards can also be good options for rabbits to chew on. Check out this list of woods, vines, and other plant materials that are safe options for pet rabbits.

*This list is for informational purposes only and the writer cannot be held responsible for any ill effects from consumption.

Safe Woods (and Wood-like Substances) for Rabbits

  • alfalfa
  • apple (seeds are toxic)
  • arbutus
  • ash
  • aspen
  • apricot (only when dried for at least one month)
  • bamboo cane
  • basil
  • blackberry
  • blackcurrant
  • borage
  • carrot (no seeds)
  • cat-tail
  • chickweed
  • chicory (wild)
  • cholla
  • cilantro
  • clover (red and white)
  • coconut shell
  • common comfrey (dried)
  • cottonwood
  • crabapple
  • dandelion
  • dogwood
  • grapevine
  • hackberry
  • hawthorn
  • hazelnut
  • jewelweed
  • kiwi
  • kudzu
  • lambs-quarters
  • lemon balm
  • linden
  • mallow
  • manzanita
  • maple (sugar and silver)
  • mesquite
  • mint (do not give to pregnant or nursing does)
  • mulberry (white)
  • parsley
  • peach (only when dried for at least one month)
  • pear (no seeds)
  • pecan
  • pigweed
  • pine - kiln-dried white only
  • plantain
  • purslane
  • poplar
  • Queen Anne's Lace
  • quince
  • radish
  • raspberry
  • redroot pigweed
  • rose (any above-ground parts including hips)
  • shepherd's purse
  • sow thistle (annual, spiny annual, perennial)
  • stinging nettle (dried)
  • strawberry
  • squash
  • sunflower
  • sweet potato
  • sycamore
  • willow
  • wingstem
  • yarrow
Gray rabbit eating a tipped over basil plant outside

The Spruce / Kristie Lee

Toxic Woods for Rabbits

  • abale/esia
  • alder
  • almond (can produce cyanide)
  • apricot (freshly cut branches are toxic)
  • balsam fir
  • beech
  • birch
  • black locust
  • blackwood
  • bogwood
  • boxwood
  • buddleia
  • cashew
  • cedar
  • cherry
  • citrus (all citrus woods including lemon, orange, etc.)
  • cocobolo
  • cypress/bald cypress
  • dahoma
  • ebony
  • elang/mukulungu
  • elder/elderberry
  • elm
  • eucalyptus
  • fig/cape fig
  • fir
  • goncalo alves
  • greenheart
  • hemlock
  • horse chestnut
  • iroko
  • juniper
  • kapok
  • laurel
  • magnolia
  • mahogany
  • mansonia
  • maple
  • mimosa
  • mopane/mopani
  • myrtle
  • nectarine
  • oak/cork
  • obeche/abachi
  • okuhaba/yungu
  • oleander
  • olive
  • opepe/kussia
  • paduak
  • pau ferro
  • peach (freshly cut branches are toxic)
  • peroba rosa
  • pine (fresh pine is toxic as are pinecones)
  • plum
  • plywood
  • prune
  • purpleheart
  • quebracho
  • redwood
  • rosewood
  • satinwood
  • sassafras
  • sequoia
  • snakewood
  • spruce
  • teak
  • walnut
  • wenge
  • yew
  • yunnan
  • zebrawood

Other safe options are available in pet stores for rabbits. Woods marketed for chinchillas and other rodents are usually ok to offer to your pet rabbit but make sure the type of wood is not on the toxic woods list before putting it in your rabbit's cage. The same goes for the material that his hide box and cage are made out of (if they are made of wood). Any items in his cage are fair game for his teeth to nibble on so you want to make sure they are safe!

If you think your rabbit may have eaten a toxic wood, then contact your exotics vet as soon as possible.

Article Sources
The Spruce Pets uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. What To Feed Your RabbitChicago Exotics Animal Hospital

  2. Toxic Foods And Plants For RabbitsVictoria State Government

  3. The Dangers Of Softwood ShavingsRabbit.Org

  4. Feeding RabbitsVeterinarycentre.Co.Nz, 2020