Singapura: Cat Breed Profile

Characteristics, History, Care Tips, and Helpful Information for Pet Owners

Singapura Cat Profile Picture


- Fotosearch / Getty Images

Known as the smallest domestic cat breed, the Singapura, or Pura, shines with its unique looks and loving personality. This breed only weighs 4 to 8 pounds when fully grown and sports large, round eyes, big ears, and a sepia-colored coat. Once a common street cat in Singapore, these purebred felines are now prized pets. 

Breed Overview

Weight: 4 to 8 pounds

Length: 9 to 12 inches 

Coat: Short 

Coat Color: Sepia agouti 

Eye Color: Green, hazel, or yellow

Life Expectancy: 11 to 15 years

Characteristics of the Singapura Cat

Affection Level High
Friendliness High
Kid-Friendly High
Pet-Friendly High
Exercise Needs Medium
Playfulness High
Energy Level Medium
Intelligence High
Tendency to Vocalize Medium
Amount of Shedding Low

History of the Singapura Cat

Though there is some controversy on exactly how the Singapura came to be, it is widely thought that these cats originated on the streets of Singapore. In the 1970s, the Singapura was brought into the United States by Hal and Tommy Meadow, who began developing these striking felines into a purebred cat. In 1982, the Singapura was recognized by the CFA and allowed to compete in 1988. 

Singapura Cat Care

Don’t let the Singapura’s tiny size fool you. These miniature felines are full of character and love! They are mischievous, curious, and very affectionate.

The Singapura is a very social cat and loves to be involved in your daily activities, whether it be cleaning, cooking, or spending time on the couch. These people-oriented cats are happiest when they are with their family. They thrive on company, both human and animal—including dogs when socialized from an early age. As a result, they do not do well when left alone for long periods of time.

The Singapura’s tiny body is sturdy and muscular, making these little cats well-equipped for climbing and other energetic activities. They are very playful and their curious nature means they are apt to get into things on a daily basis. Providing scratching posts, cat trees and playgrounds, puzzle toys, and more will help keep them entertained, enriched, and exercised. 

Their shiny, sepia-toned coats are quite short, meaning grooming is a breeze. Brush them weekly to keep their coat healthy and shiny. Be sure to check their ears for dirt, trim their nails regularly, and brush their teeth too. 

The Singapura is a highly intelligent breed and can learn new things quickly. This makes training relatively easy. By giving them a mental challenge, such as puzzle toys or teaching them tricks, you will keep your kitty engaged and happy.    

Common Health Problems

Every cat owner should be on the lookout for common health issues that occur in any cat breed, including obesity and ear infections. However, Singapuras also have a few breed-specific health problems to watch for. These include:

  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency 
  • Uterine inertia (for pregnant females)

Diet and Nutrition

To ensure a long and healthy life, be sure to feed your Singapura high-quality cat food. A raw food diet is another option that is growing in popularity and may fit your cat's diet and nutrition needs.

Since every cat will have its own likes, dislikes, and dietary needs, it's best to consult your veterinarian for more information if you have questions when evaluating diet choices.

Pros
  • Extremely affectionate and social

  • Enjoys playtime and learning new tricks

  • Short coat is easy to groom

Cons
  • Requires plenty of mental and physical exercise

  • May suffer from separation anxiety without human or animal companions

Where to Adopt or Buy a Singapura Cat

The Singapura is an uncommon breed, which may make it a challenge to find these cats in local shelters. However, it's always good practice to check with local rescue organizations. The reality is that even a rare cat like the Singapura may be in need of a loving home. In addition, national or local breed organizations may be able to help you find reputable breeders.

The links below will help you find shelters, rescues, and breeders in your area.

More Cat Breeds and Further Research

Though every cat has its own unique personality, understanding the general traits and tendencies of the breed can help you understand if it might be a good match. Do your best to understand the potential challenges and opportunities with any cat breed you are considering, including the unique Singapura.

If you are interested in breeds similar to the Singapura, learn more about these unique felines: