All dogs need proper training. Whether you are sharing your home with a new puppy or an adult dog, it's never too soon to start training your dog. And most dogs are happier with the structure and confidence that comes from training.
It can feel overwhelming when you first begin to work on dog training. If you're unsure where to begin, develop a week-by-week schedule to help you get organized. Each week, choose one or two basic commands to work on. Plan to make some adjustments to your dog's environment in order to prevent or modify behavior problems.
Introduce the Crate
If you haven't already been using a crate, this is a good time to get your dog used to it. The crate is a good tool to manage your dog's behavior when you aren't there to supervise.
Take a little time each day this week to let your dog get used to the crate, and begin letting it sit in there for a few minutes at a time. The dog may eventually prefer to sleep in its crate.
Start leaving the dog in its crate for longer periods of time, but no longer than a few hours at a stretch. Be sure to leave some fun and interesting toys. Continue using the crate throughout your dog's training. Most dogs enjoy having a sanctuary of their own.
Crates also can help with housetraining, since most dogs will not defecate or urinate where they sleep.
Establish a Routine
Dogs thrive on routine. Create a schedule of mealtimes, walks, and playtime. Stick with the routine as closely as possible during its training and beyond. This will help with housetraining, as well as other common behavior issues.
Get Some Toys
Make sure to include some things such as Kong toys or Buster Cubes which provide some mental stimulation. Each week throughout this process, rotate the different toys so your dog always has something new and interesting to play with.
Teach Your Dog Commands
- Sit: Work on teaching your dog to sit. Plan on spending about 5 minutes a few times each day working on the "sit" command.
- Down and Emergency Recall: Next, spend a few minutes several times each day working on the down command and teaching your dog the emergency recall.
- Come and Leave It: Once your dog has mastered "sit" and "down," you can move on to these more complicated commands.
- Stop Jumping: You can set aside time each day to practice this behavior, or you can wait until it comes up in your regular day-to-day activities (like when your dog jumps up to greet people coming in the door) to work on it.
- Review: Take 10 minutes at least 3 times each week to review the commands and behaviors you've already worked on.
- Wait: You can practice this in regular training sessions, or you can wait for opportunities to crop up each day. Make sure your dog waits before going outdoors or coming out of its crate.
- Go to Your Place: Begin working on teaching your dog to go to a specific place and lie down in your home. Some great times to practice having your dog lay calmly in place: during mealtimes or when you're sitting watching television or reading a book.
- Drop It: In several short training sessions each day, teach your dog the "drop it" command.
- Stop Barking: Begin training your dog to be quiet by working on the "speak" and "quiet" commands. You can do this during training sessions or you can wait until your dog barks and use it as an opportunity to practice.
Walking on a Leash
Begin teaching your dog to walk on a loose leash. Plan on at least one short walk each day to practice this skill. This is a skill that you should continue working on throughout its training.
Choose a Trick
Now that your dog knows many basic commands, you can work on teaching it tricks such as "roll over" or "play dead." And since your dog probably has a pretty firm grasp on walking on a loose leash by now, if you would like a little more control during walks, you can now introduce the "heel" command as well.
Proofing the Behaviors
Your dog should now be responding well to a number of commands, and some other behavior issues should have been addressed. This does not mean you're done with training.
Remember to practice and reinforce your dog's training for the lifetime of your dog. The training will ensure that your dog is a happy and well-adjusted member of your family.