Cat bites are a normal part of having a pet cat. Because cats mouth and paw objects to explore their world, it's natural for them to bite. You can't stop it. But kitties can learn to inhibit the force of their bites and to use soft paws without claws. Your cat can still nibble and play-smack you with a soft paw and enjoy a kitty-correct game without drawing blood.
Why Do Cats Bite?
Cats and kittens may bite for very different reasons, and it's important to distinguish between the two to help curb the biting. A kitten usually bites because of a developmental issue, while an adult cat may bite for a different reason.
- Kittens develop good manners through interaction with other kittens and their mother; other cats won't put up with being hurt. Too often kittens go to new homes before they've learned these important lessons and their owners need to teach them.
- Kittens don't know that teeth and claws hurt unless you explain it in kitty language the way a mother would.
- Begin training as soon as you get your kitten or cat. A well-socialized adult cat that knows the rules of cat play teaches the best lessons to kittens.
For adult cats, there may be a few reasons for biting:
- It could be to assert dominance or respond to a threat. If a cat bites and then doesn't back down, this could be the case.
- Some cats bite as a form of communication or a demand for attention. Instead of meowing, they bite. If a cat nips you and then tries to lead you to an activity, such as playing with a toy, this could be the reason.
How to Stop Biting
While you may not be able to prevent your cat from ever biting again, there are some techniques you can try. You'll likely have to tailor your response to the age of your cat (older cat versus kitten) and the reason for the biting (dominance assertion versus communication).
- Maintain consistent responses and make sure that all family members and visitors follow the same rules. If the cat gets mixed messages, it will be harder for you to enact your training.
- Never allow your kitten or cat to play with your bare hands, fingers, or toes. All cats should be taught that hands are not toys. If you offer your hands as toys, you're encouraging a risky habit.
- Offer a legal, interactive toy for the cat to bite and bunny kick. Stuffed animals are a hit with many cats.
- Continually and gently praise your cat for soft paws (claws withheld) or a soft mouth, saying, "Good paws," or "good mouth!" If the claws come out or the mouthing hurts, make a noise just as another cat or kitten would to stop the games. Use this as a distraction to stop the behavior, not as a punishment. If it's used too often, your hiss will stop being effective.
- If your cat bites and won't let go, grit your teeth and push your hand and arm in toward the bite to prompt your cat to release you. Pulling away from the bite stimulates it to bite even more. Additionally, you should treat your clothing as an extension of your skin and make it off-limits, or your cat won't learn the difference between clawing your jeans and nailing your bare legs.
- If your cat bites or claws during play and doesn't react to a hiss, use a very short, loud, high-pitched "eek!" instead. Warn the rest of your family before doing this so they won't call for help. Note that a high-pitched shriek could trigger an aggressive reaction in an adult cat, so reserve it for kitties under a year of age.
- Avoid physical punishment, which only makes cats more determined to fight back and protect themselves, but they often understand hurt feelings. Tell your cat, "You hurt me," with as much angst and tears as you can muster.
- If your pet cat can't contain its teeth and claws, send it into a room alone for a five-minute time-out to let it know that it exceeded the proper bounds.
How to Treat a Cat Bite
Cat bites are dangerous to you and other pets. They can cause serious infection and should be treated immediately. If a cat bites you, see a doctor as soon as possible. Up to 75 percent of cat bites introduce harmful bacteria into the body, including Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pasteurella species. Cat scratch fever, which comes from Bartonella henselae bacteria, may also be transmitted via cat bite.
Signs of infection may manifest in a couple of hours and are particularly risky for hands, joints, and tendons. Take immediate action if a cat bites you:
- Flush out the bacteria from the cat bite by pressing on the wound. This could cause more bleeding, but will also help to force the bacteria out of the body.
- Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water. Use a clean cloth to wipe the wound and apply an antibacterial cream and then a sterile bandage.
- See a doctor, who will likely examine and rewash the wound. She may prescribe antibiotics, stitch the wound if necessary, and administer a tetanus booster vaccine if yours is out of date.
After the doctor's examination, follow her care plan and keep the wound area clean. Watch for any signs of infection, including redness, oozing, swelling, pain, or fever, and if you spot any, see the doctor again right away.