Sun conures are vibrant and vocal pet birds. They get their name from their beautifully bright feathers and are considered a small to medium type of bird. They are sometimes confused with the Jenday conure.
Sun conure, sun parakeet, Aratinga solstitialis
Adult sun conures weigh in at about four ounces and are 12 inches from their head to the tip of the tail.
Up to 30 years in captivity
Sun Conure Personality
These small to medium birds make some of the most colorful pets, not only because of their feathers but also due to their personality. Sun conures are vocal and will let you know if they are bored or excited by using their shrill and loud voice. But sun conures aren't all screams. They are also funny little clowns that like to play, roll on their back, and can be trained to play games and pick up toys.
Sun Conures in the Wild
Sun conures are native to South America and are most often found in Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela flying through the sky in flocks. This part of the country is very warm and humid and full of tropical rain forests. They, like other birds, forage for food the majority of the day and nest in trees at night. They form a bond with one other bird and are monogamous breeders. This is a personality trait that is unfortunately often not taken into consideration in captivity as a lone pet bird.
Feeding Sun Conures
Fruits and vegetables should supplement a diet formulated for birds. Seeds, nuts, and insects can be offered in moderation but if a seed mix is provided as the sole source of food obesity (and concurrent diseases) can occur. Foraging behavior (for mental and physical stimulation) should be encouraged throughout the day as opposed to simply offering a bowl filled with food.
Housing Sun Conures
While it isn't practical for most bird owners, an ideal sun conure enclosure would be an aviary. If you don't have a large area to provide your conure with to fly and explore safely in you can create a netted area or purchase a large flight cage for your home. Most owners can only provide the bare minimum of space and offer a cage that is about three feet tall by two feet wide and deep and then let their birds out for a couple of hours a day in an observed area to play. Play tops for these smaller cages are also nice.
Health of Sun Conures
Sun conures are prone to many diseases that other pet birds get. Proventricular Dilatation Disease (PDD), behavioral diseases such as self-mutilation and feather picking, and other problems are all seen in pet conures. Annual check-ups with an exotics vet are vital to the health of your bird since all birds are professionals at hiding their diseases until they are very sick. Routine blood screenings, fecal analysis, and visual inspections of the mouth are recommended for all species of birds. Abnormalities with organ function, bacterial and fungal issues, and other problems can all be discovered during your bird's annual appointment.
Behavioral diseases can often be avoided by offering appropriate enrichment activities and companionship. Remember, the mental health of your bird is just as important as the health of the rest of your bird. Sometimes providing more foraging opportunities, rotating toys, allowing play times with other healthy pet birds, and allowing your bird to do natural bird things like fly and nest will prevent mental issues from occurring.