Often when discussing dog training, you'll hear dog trainers refer to dog training sessions. This can be confusing if you're not exactly sure how to conduct a dog training session. Understanding what makes a proper training session is an essential part of training your dog.
What is a Training Session?
A training session is a short period of time you set aside each day or two to work on specific dog training commands, cues, actions, or behaviors.
When to Use Training Sessions
You can use training sessions throughout your dog's life, but they should definitely be used when you are starting obedience training. You can use dog training sessions to introduce and reinforce basic commands and other behaviors.
Keep Dog Training Sessions Short
Dog training sessions should last no more than 15 minutes. Young puppies or dogs who are easily distracted may need even shorter sessions. If you run your dog training session too long, dogs get distracted and bored, and there's a good chance they'll start making mistakes.
Stick to One Thing
When you set aside time for a training session, plan on working on just one command. The quick, intense lessons will help your dog learn, and sticking with just one command or behavior will help the dog stay focused. You can train them on more than one command in a day but try to stick to just one for each session. An exception might be if the session is not going well and you want to get your dog to do something they know will end things on a positive note. In this case, it makes sense to switch to a simple action your dog already knows.
Start with Little Distraction
When you begin training a new command, dog training sessions should take place in quiet areas with little distraction. Too much activity or noise when you are introducing a command can make it harder to train a dog. Start somewhere quiet like your living room and work your way up to training sessions at the dog park. As your dog gets better, you can start adding in more major distractions, like other people or dogs.
End on a Positive Note
All dog training sessions should end on a positive note. This is one reason you don't want to keep them going for too long. A good stopping place is when a dog is rewarded for doing a behavior you like. By keeping training sessions short and rewarding, your dog will have fun and learn to love training. Again, if your dog can't seem to perform the desired behavior, switch to something easier for the last bit of the session. This will help you end the session with something positive.
Train Outside of Training Sessions
Dog training sessions are a great way to train dogs, especially those new to obedience training. However, dog training sessions don't have to be the only time to train. Use the opportunities that happen every day to reinforce your dog's training. For example, if you are working on the "down" command during training sessions, have your dog lie down before they can get their leash on, get their meal, or play a game of fetch. Dog training sessions are a good way to introduce your dog to commands, but real life is the place to put those lessons into practice.
Edited by Jenna Stregowski, RVT